After posting my Top Ten List I got to thinking about the second tier of battles that merit consideration for their contributions.
Here are my Honorable Mentions. (You may well have others and mine are not listed in any order of significance)
Ft Sumter-1861. This ignition spark of the war must be considered for its incindiary role.
Olustee, Florida. This battle protected Tallahassee, the state capital from Union control for the entire war. After Vicksburg fell, Florida became the prime supplier for the Confederacy of beef, pork and salt.
Perryville, KY. This battle secured Kentucky for the Union for the balance of the conflict. Having achieved a tactical victory Bragg abandoned his position and left the state.
Chattanooga, Tennessee. The breaking of the Confederate siege marked the beginning of the end for Atlanta.
Camp Jackson, Missouri. This small armed confrontation generated few casualties but secured the Federal Arsenal and Gold Repository in St Louis for the Union. This also tied the state to the Union until confirmed at Pea Ridge.
The Battle of Hampton Roads, Virginia. Introduced the world to the era of armored ships. The Union victory also relieved the East Coast of the threat of bombardment by the feared Confederate warship CSS Virginia.
Bentonville, NC. Convinced General Joe Johnston of the futility of continued resistance and propelled him to surrender his army at Bennett Place.
Battle of Point Royal, SC. Privided the Unon with a formidable coaling and logistical base midway along the Confederate coast and made success of the blockade feasible
Battles of Cold Harbor and Kennesaw Mountain, These battles convinced Generals Grant and Sherman of the extreme cost of frontal assaults against dug in forces and they attempted to avoid attacking into the teeth of the enemy whenever possible for the balance of the war.
Cedar Creek, Virginia. The defeat and destruction of Early’s Confederates ended the ability of the Shenandoah Valley to supply Gen. Lee’s army with food and forage. It also ended any future threat by a Confederate force on Washington, DC.
Sinking of the Housatonic in Charleston Harbor. When the CSS Hunley sank the Union blockader while submerged it opened another era to the world. Submarine warfare thereafter has grown to the global level we see today.