1. Bellefontaine (cemetery)Times listed the following people as Civil War personalities in residence. Match the name with the activity or accomplishment.
a. Tony Faust (g ) Wounded at Vicksburg
b. Cornelius DeJong ( e ) Died in 1850-no involvement
c. Martin Lammert ( i ) Married Louisa Volker, telegrapher, City street superintendent
d. Nathan Pratte (f ) Wrote love letters to Molly
e. Gen. Richard B. Mason ( a ) Became prominent restaurateur
f. Captain James Love ( b ) Killed by Rebel gunfire while on steamship
g. Adaline Couzins ( h ) Financier who supplied cannons and long arms
h. Giles Filley ( d ) Police officer killed during secessionist conflict
i. Captain Thos. H. Macklind ( c ) Future furniture pioneer at Camp Jackson affair
2. What was the Civil War use of a sabot?
A device made of wood, paper machѐ, copper, wrought iron or lead that allowed a projectile to grip the rifling in an artillery piece. Gunners were not fond of wooden sabots as the tended to fly apart as they left the muzzle and injured the gun crew. Sabots are used today on anti-armor rounds in US main battle tanks to stabilize the tungsten carbide bolt that is the projectile in the anti-tank round.
3. What was the technical difference between a solid shot and a bolt?
Solid shot is fired from a smooth bore cannon and a bolt is an un-exploding round fire by a rifled gun. Confederate bolts were Archer, Burton, Schenkl, Parrott, and Whitworth. Union gunners fired bolts of Parrott and Hotchkiss design.
4. What is the only rifled artillery bolt that did not utilize a sabot?
The Whitworth 12-pounder hexagonal bolt was made to conform to the lands and grooves of the weapon. Virtually all the rounds were made in England and brought through the blockade.
5. Who was General Lee’s “bad old man”?
General Jubal Early. He was an extortionist at Middletown, PA, Frederick, Maryland and Hagerstown, PA. When Chambersburg would not pay his demanded ransom he had the town burned. Health problems caused him to be in bad temper and cranky much of the time. He was always a contrarian. He is regarded as the Confederacy’s hard-war general.
6. Where was Johnson’s Island prisoner of war camp located?
On Johnson’s Island in Sandusky, Ohio Bay in Lake Erie.
7. What were the three banks that were robbed at St. Alban’s Vermont? What did the partisans do with the civilian population?
The First National Bank, The St. Alban’s Bank and the Franklin County Bank. They rounded up the townspeople and held then in the town square park.
8. Why did the USS Michigan, the most technologically advanced warship in the US Navy at the time, not join the blockade of Confederate ports?
It could not get out of Lake Erie as it was too wide to go through the Welland Canal locks from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.
9. Famous weddings of the Civil War:.
• Lt. John Wills “Gimlet” Lea, 5th North Carolina Vol. Infantry, married Miss Margaret Durfey 18 Aug 1862. Captain George A. Custer was best man. Lea wore a new gray uniform and Custer, a brand new captain, Union blue.
• Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan wed Miss Mattie Ready 14 December 1862 in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Bishop (Gen) Polk presided. Attending were Generals Cheatham, Hardee, Breckinridge, Hanson and Col. Basil Duke.
• Major General George A. Custer married Miss Elizabeth “Libbie” Bacon in Monroe, Michigan on 9 Feb 1864, it was widely reported in all the major newspapers.
• Lt. General Richard Ewell to Mrs. Lizinka Campbell Brown 26 May 1863 in Richmond, VA. Mrs. Brown was his first cousin and they fell in love while she nursed him after he lost his leg at Groveton. He always referred to her as “Mrs. Brown”. She served as his headquarters unofficial chief-of-staff.
• Major William Clare to Miss Mary Hadley on 12 Dec 1864 at Nashville’s Traveler’s Rest. Seven Confederate Generals in full dress uniform were reported to be in attendance including Gen. John Bell Hood.
• Major General George Pickett wed Miss Sallie Ann “LaSalle” Corbell on 15 September 1863 at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, Petersburg, Virginia. Unable to get a furlough after Gettysburg for the nuptials, he got permission for “special duty” to leave the front lines.
• Isabelle Marie (Belle) Boyd wed ex-LT. Samuel Wylde Hardinge on August 25, 1864 at St. James Church, Piccadilly, London, England. Belle was a famous southern spy and personality and Hardinge met and was infatuated by her when he was part of the US Navy ship that captured her on the blockade runner Greyhound on its run in.
• A most famous non-wedding. Confederate General John Bell Hood wanted to marry Sally Buchanan (Buck) Preston but her parents influenced her to break it off and accompany them to Europe. She broke off the relationship on Christmas Eve 1864. After the war he married Anna Marie Hennen, with whom they had 11 children over 10 years, including three pairs of twins.
• Katherine Jane (Kate) Chase, daughter of US Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase, married Rhode Island governor William A. Sprague on November 12, 1863. It was the event of the season. Sprague accompanied the Rhode Island Brigade of volunteers under Ambrose Burnside through the First Battle of Bull Run. The couple divorced in 1882.
• Brigadier John A. Rawlins, trusted staff officer of General Grant, married Mary Emeline (Emma) Hurlburt in Danbury, Connecticut on December 24, 1863. Emma was in Vicksburg as governess to the Lum family’s children. Grant used the Lum home as his headquarters. Rawlins’ first wife had died of tuberculosis and left three children. Rawlins himself died of consumption in 1869 and Mary also in 1874.