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Answers to January 2016 CWRT Trivia Quiz

1. Who is thought to have designed the Rising Moon Confederate battle flag?
The “Hardee” flag was believed to be designed by Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner although some references credit Gen. Hardee. The flag of Hardee’s corps was favored by Arkansas regiments and when the ANV flag was brought west by Gen. Beauregard in a move to standardization, Gen. Patrick Cleburne refused to use it as they were very attached to the blue flag that had Scottish legacy attached.
2. Mr. John Steiner on 25 March 1862 performed what tactical assignment that was unique in the western theaters?
He adjusted artillery fire on Island No. 10 from a balloon, the only balloon operation in the west.

3. Army Captain Henry Maynadier commanded what naval bombardment in March1862?
He was the commander of the fourteen mortar scows bombarding Island No. 10.

4. How was Confederate cavalry commander BG James H. Dearing killed?
During Lee’s retreat in April, 1865, he was mortally wounded in a encounter with Union Brigadier Theodore Read, commanding a combined infantry/cavalry force of Ord’s Army of the James. The two met on the 5th of April at High Bridge above the Appomattox, at the head of their forces, and a pistol duel ensued. General Read was instantly killed, but General Dearing lingered for a few days after the surrender of General Lee, when he died in the old City hotel at Lynchburg.
5. Who was the last general of either side killed in the Civil War?
Confederate Brigadier Robert C. Tyler was killed 16 April 1865 defending Ft. Tyler near West Point, Georgia.
6. What Union unit was known as the “Lightning Brigade” and the “Hatchet Brigade”?
Col. John T. Wilder’s brigade of Reynolds’s division—1,500 men of the 17th and 72nd Indiana regiments and the 98th and 123rd Illinois got their nicknames at Hoover’s Gap in June 1863 in the Tulahoma Campaign. They found horses and mules in the countryside and armed themselves with long handled hatchets for hand-to-hand combat, which caused their unit to be derisively nicknamed the “Hatchet Brigade”. Their more lethal armament were the seven-shot Spencer repeating rifles carried by all the men. Wilder’s brigade had mobility and firepower, but also high unit morale.
7. Who was the war correspondent for the New York Tribune who reported on the Battle of Shiloh and after the war became a financier, philanthropist and founder of the company we know as General Electric?
Henry Villard was the representative of a news agency established by him in Washington and was often at the front. Out of his experiences reporting the Civil War, he became a confirmed pacifist.
8. What were the duty stations of Captain Lewis A. Armistead and Captain Winfield Scott Hancock when they celebrated their famous parting before the Civil War?
Armistead was at the New San Diego Depot and Hancock was an assistant quartermaster at Los Angeles under Brevet Brigadier Albert Sidney Johnston.
9. Who is the highest ranking Confederate general officer buried in a St. Louis cemetery?Lieutenant General (temporary) Alexander Peter Stewart, who was commander of the III Corps of the Army of Tennessee at Franklin and Nashville and Commanding General of the Army of Tennessee under Joe Johnston in the Carolinas. He is buried at Bellefontaine Cemetery.
10. Who were Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston’s Confederate Corps Commanders at Shiloh?
John C. Breckinridge, William Hardee, Braxton Bragg and Leonides K. Polk. PGT Beauregard was his second in command and the officer who drew up the battle plan. Stationed in the rear by Johnston he was not able to take command when Johnston was killed. The ranking officer at the front was Bragg, who called of the offensive against Grant’s last line.

11. What Civil War developments had a profound effect on all of future military thinking? (I have 6 there may be more)(This is a thinking question just scour you memory)
• 8 March 1852 wooden navies became obsolete at the Battle of Hampton Roads
• 24 June 1863 single shot weapons became obsolete when Wilder’s Brigade engage Confederates with Spencer repeating rifles at Hoover’s Gap
• 17 February 1864 surface vessels at risk USS Housatonic sunk by CSS Hunley.
• 22 May 1863 Union conducts first synchronized assault on line from Stockade Redan to Ft. Garrott at Vicksburg due to availability of inexpensive pocket watch.
• The possibilities of air reconnaissance and attack from the air were the progeny of the balloon corps.
• Grant’s and Sherman’s concept of total war became the war philosophy of the future.
(There are many many other technical developments)

Copyright ©John A. Nischwitz 2016


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