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Archive for the month “March, 2016”

March 2016 CW Roundtable Quiz Answers

1. Who appointed George Pickett to the United States Military Academy Class of 1846?
Representative John T Stuart (D-Illinois) in 1842. Pickett was in Springfield studying law with Lincoln and Stuart who arranged the appointment. Pickett would never allow harsh comments about Lincoln in his presence. It is rumored that when Lincoln was in Richmond after the fall, he called upon Pickett’s home and met his wife, Sally, and kissed his baby boy. He introduced himself as “Abraham Lincoln, a friend”. Lincoln was a US Representative from 1847-49
2. What two brothers attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine in the 1850’s? One went on to attend the US Military Academy the other didn’t. One became a general in the Civil War and the other was his aide. Both brothers were wounded during the war.
Oliver Otis Howard (USMA 1854) and his younger brother Charles Henry were from Leeds, Maine. Oliver lost his right arm at Fair Oaks. Charles was wounded in the leg at Fair Oaks and again at Fredericksburg. Charles was discharged as a brigadier general being promoted 15 April 1865.
3. What was the common name normally used for the “Griffin Gun”?
The three-inch Ordnance Rifle, invented by John Griffin and manufactured at the Phoenix Iron Company in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania. This durable wrought iron rifle was considered the favorite of the cannoneers and was deadly accurate at anything under a mile.
4. What anti-emancipation Democrat was a frequent visitor to the White House?
Representative John T. Stuart was a favorite cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln and as a member of Congress after his election in 1862 over Republican Leonard Swett was a frequent visitor at the White House even though he was opposed to some Lincoln policies. He was defeated in 1864 by Republican Shelby Moore Cullom, a Lincoln ally.
5. When the 1st Maryland (CS) Infantry Regiment assaulted Culp’s Hill on 3 July 1863 at Gettysburg it reported 31 and 1 killed. Who was the one?
It was the regiment’s black mascot dog, Grace. Union General Thomas Kane recalled, “He licked someone’s hand, they said, after he was perfectly riddled.” Kane ordered the dog given decent burial “as the only Christian minded being on either side.” The charge is memorialized by Peter Frederick Rothermel’s 1870 oil painting. It was the first Confederate monument at Gettysburg and met a great deal of resistance from the battlefield commission authorities. It was finally allowed to be erected and was dedicated in 1884. But the commission required it to be designated as the “2nd Maryland Infantry” even though the unit was known as the First Maryland Battalion at the time of the battle. The reason given was there were already two Union regiments designated as the First Maryland and the Confederate 1st Maryland Battalion had been re-designated as the Second Maryland Regiment in 1864. This is not to be confused with the 11th Pennsylvania’s famous mascot “Sallie”.
6. Who was the Pennsylvania born Illinois music teacher that as an 8-year old child had been kicked by a horse and nearly killed thereby developing a fear and hatred of horses? He became a famous Union cavalry leader and ultimately a major general.
Benjamin Henry Grierson, he organized the US 10th Cavalry, Buffalo Soldiers and served on the frontier until retiring in 1890.
7. Who wrote the bestselling “anti-Tom” novel Aunt Phillis’s Cabin or Southern Life As It Is?
While in Washington, D.C. Mary Henderson Eastman, wife of Seth Eastman, wrote the counter to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s history changing book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin or Life Among The Lowly. Defending slavery, her novel was one of the most widely read at the time and sold 20,000-30,000 copies.
8. What were the names of the two main company streets at Camp Jackson in May 1861?
Davis and Beauregard
9. Whose name was the last uttered by Gen. Thomas J. Jackson on his deathbed?
Major Wells Joseph Hawks, Jackson’s commissary officer. After Jackson died he was staff for Ewell, Early and in Pennsylvania Lee. Per Shelby Foote, “Shortly after 3 o’clock, a few minutes before he died (Jackson) called out: “Order A. P. Hill to prepare for action! Pass the infantry to the front…Tell Major Hawks…” He left the sentence unfinished. Seeming to put the war behind him he calmly said “Let us cross over the river, and rest in the shade of the trees”, the quintessential compliment to military logisticians including Grant, Sherman, Hancock and many others.
10. What Southern officers and personalities were honored throughout the Confederacy upon their deaths? (I have six. How many can you name?)
MG James Ewell Brown Stuart
LTG Leonidas Polk
BG John Hunt Morgan
Major John Pelham
Mrs. Rose O’Neal Greenhow
LTG Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson

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March St Louis Civil War Roundtable Quiz

1. Who appointed George Pickett to the United States Military Academy Class of 1846?

2. What two brothers attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine in the 1850’s? One went on to attend the US Military Academy the other didn’t. One became a general in the Civil War and the other was his aide. Both brothers were wounded during the war.

3. What was the common name normally used for the “Griffin Gun”?

4. What anti-emancipation democrat was a frequent visitor to the White House?

5. When the 1st Maryland (CS) Infantry Regiment assaulted Culp’s Hill on 3 July 1863 at Gettysburg it reported 31 and 1 killed. Who was the one?

6. Who was the Pennsylvania born Illinois music teacher that as an 8-year old child had been kicked by a horse and nearly killed thereby developing a fear and hatred of horses? He became a famous Union cavalry leader and ultimately a major general.

7. Who wrote the bestselling “anti-Tom” novel Aunt Phillis’s Cabin or Southern Life As It Is?

8. What were the names of the two main company streets at Camp Jackson in May 1861?

9. Whose name was the last uttered by Gen. Thomas J. Jackson on his deathbed?

10. What Southern officers and personalities that were honored throughout the Confederacy upon their deaths? (I have six. How many can you name?)

Copyright ©John A. Nischwitz 2016

SLCWRT Feb Quiz Answers

1. What members of the Lincoln family accompanied the president’s remains on the Funeral Train Journey?
Son Robert Lincoln and his deceased brother William Wallace “Willie” Lincoln, whose casket was also in the President’s funeral car. Mary and Tad stayed in Washington. Lincoln’s cousin, John Hanks and Robert Lincoln were his only blood relatives at the burial.
2. In what battle did a 200 mule charge inspire an anonymous poet to write “The Charge of the Mule Brigade”?
At the battle at Wauhatchie, Tennessee, on the night of October 28, 1863, Union General John Geary’s troops held off the Confederates of General James Longstreet. Some 200 mules became terrified by the noisy battle and stampeded through the night into the center of General Wade Hampton’s southerners. Deciding that this was a cavalry attack, a good number of Hampton’s troops panicked and fled.
3. Union Generals Grant, Rufus Ingalls and Sheridan and others occasionally conversed in what unusual language?
Chinook Jargon was a pigeon-English dialect they learned during their time in the Pacific Northwest before the war. Sheridan lived with a native woman named Sidnayoh. West Point classmates Grant and Ingalls served together at Ft. Vancouver, Oregon Territory. George Pickett also spoke the dialect.
4. What ironclad raider was built is France for the Confederate Navy but was commissioned too late to be of any service?
The CSS Stonewall was built in Bordeaux, France launched 21 June 1864 and commissioned in January 1865 under Captain Thomas J Page CSN. It was the only Confederate warship built in France.
5. Considering the amount of time Civil War soldiers spent in the field, snake bite was not as serious a problem as one might think. How many snake bite cases were reported in the Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion? How many fatalities?
213 bites from poisonous snakes were reported. There were only two fatalities reported including one at Pensacola, Florida where a Confederate soldier was bitten by a coral snake.
6. What was the only US Territory to pass legislation protecting chattel slavery? What was the slave population of the territory?
New Mexico in 1859. Slave population was two (2).
7. According to the estimate of Col J. H. Baker, provost-marshal general in St. Louis, how many steamboats owned in St. Louis had been destroyed during the four years of war by sabotage?
More than seventy with only nine destroyed in combat. Edward Frazor was reportedly paid $35,000 in gold to settle their claims for destroyed US property by Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate Sec of War during the summer of 1864.
8. What was the unique responsibility of the Union company called the Sturgis Rifles?
A separate militia company organized at Chicago, armed, equipped and subsisted for nearly two months by the patriotic generosity of Mr. Solomon Sturgis. The company of Illinois sharpshooters mustered into Federal service on May 6, 1861. They served as part of Major General George B. McClellan’s headquarters bodyguard throughout his time in command. McClellan had been a member of the company prior to the war and outfitted them with the Sharps rifle, an expensive rifle not issued to regular infantrymen. The company was mustered out on November 25, 1862. Commanded by Captain James Steel, the regiment lost one enlisted man who died of disease, for a total of one fatality. The company was never brigaded.
9. What army did Gen. U. S. Grant steal? (Hint: it occurred in December 1862)
When Grant had been give command in the West he was told by Halleck that he commanded all the forces in his area and could use them as he saw fit. About the same time, Gen John C. McClernand had been given authority by President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton to recruit his own army to take Vicksburg. McClernand recruited volunteers in Illinois, Indiana and Iowa and had them assemble in Memphis. When Grant got wind of the competitive army, he sent Sherman to Memphis and moved the entire army south on riverboats to attack Chickasaw Bluffs. When McClernand arrived at Memphis on 29 December he learned his army had been shipped out on the 19th. He was given a corps command under Grant for his trouble.

10. Nominate your list of the ten (10) most accomplished cavalry leaders of the Civil War for the title of “Best
Civil War Cavalry Commander”.
JEB Stuart
Fitzhugh Lee
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Wade Hampton
Phil Sheridan
George A. Custer
Joe Wheeler
David McM Gregg
Alfred Pleasonton
Philip St George Cooke
John Bufford
Thomas Rosser
George Stoneman

copyright ©John A. Nischwitz 2016

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