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SLCWRT Feb Quiz Answers

1. What members of the Lincoln family accompanied the president’s remains on the Funeral Train Journey?
Son Robert Lincoln and his deceased brother William Wallace “Willie” Lincoln, whose casket was also in the President’s funeral car. Mary and Tad stayed in Washington. Lincoln’s cousin, John Hanks and Robert Lincoln were his only blood relatives at the burial.
2. In what battle did a 200 mule charge inspire an anonymous poet to write “The Charge of the Mule Brigade”?
At the battle at Wauhatchie, Tennessee, on the night of October 28, 1863, Union General John Geary’s troops held off the Confederates of General James Longstreet. Some 200 mules became terrified by the noisy battle and stampeded through the night into the center of General Wade Hampton’s southerners. Deciding that this was a cavalry attack, a good number of Hampton’s troops panicked and fled.
3. Union Generals Grant, Rufus Ingalls and Sheridan and others occasionally conversed in what unusual language?
Chinook Jargon was a pigeon-English dialect they learned during their time in the Pacific Northwest before the war. Sheridan lived with a native woman named Sidnayoh. West Point classmates Grant and Ingalls served together at Ft. Vancouver, Oregon Territory. George Pickett also spoke the dialect.
4. What ironclad raider was built is France for the Confederate Navy but was commissioned too late to be of any service?
The CSS Stonewall was built in Bordeaux, France launched 21 June 1864 and commissioned in January 1865 under Captain Thomas J Page CSN. It was the only Confederate warship built in France.
5. Considering the amount of time Civil War soldiers spent in the field, snake bite was not as serious a problem as one might think. How many snake bite cases were reported in the Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion? How many fatalities?
213 bites from poisonous snakes were reported. There were only two fatalities reported including one at Pensacola, Florida where a Confederate soldier was bitten by a coral snake.
6. What was the only US Territory to pass legislation protecting chattel slavery? What was the slave population of the territory?
New Mexico in 1859. Slave population was two (2).
7. According to the estimate of Col J. H. Baker, provost-marshal general in St. Louis, how many steamboats owned in St. Louis had been destroyed during the four years of war by sabotage?
More than seventy with only nine destroyed in combat. Edward Frazor was reportedly paid $35,000 in gold to settle their claims for destroyed US property by Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate Sec of War during the summer of 1864.
8. What was the unique responsibility of the Union company called the Sturgis Rifles?
A separate militia company organized at Chicago, armed, equipped and subsisted for nearly two months by the patriotic generosity of Mr. Solomon Sturgis. The company of Illinois sharpshooters mustered into Federal service on May 6, 1861. They served as part of Major General George B. McClellan’s headquarters bodyguard throughout his time in command. McClellan had been a member of the company prior to the war and outfitted them with the Sharps rifle, an expensive rifle not issued to regular infantrymen. The company was mustered out on November 25, 1862. Commanded by Captain James Steel, the regiment lost one enlisted man who died of disease, for a total of one fatality. The company was never brigaded.
9. What army did Gen. U. S. Grant steal? (Hint: it occurred in December 1862)
When Grant had been give command in the West he was told by Halleck that he commanded all the forces in his area and could use them as he saw fit. About the same time, Gen John C. McClernand had been given authority by President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton to recruit his own army to take Vicksburg. McClernand recruited volunteers in Illinois, Indiana and Iowa and had them assemble in Memphis. When Grant got wind of the competitive army, he sent Sherman to Memphis and moved the entire army south on riverboats to attack Chickasaw Bluffs. When McClernand arrived at Memphis on 29 December he learned his army had been shipped out on the 19th. He was given a corps command under Grant for his trouble.

10. Nominate your list of the ten (10) most accomplished cavalry leaders of the Civil War for the title of “Best
Civil War Cavalry Commander”.
JEB Stuart
Fitzhugh Lee
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Wade Hampton
Phil Sheridan
George A. Custer
Joe Wheeler
David McM Gregg
Alfred Pleasonton
Philip St George Cooke
John Bufford
Thomas Rosser
George Stoneman

copyright ©John A. Nischwitz 2016

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